Short Smoking Breaks are “Hours Worked” Under FLSA

By Staff Report

Sep. 7, 2011

Issue: You are an employer who permits your employees to take a series of short smoking breaks that do not exceed 15 minutes. Are you required to compensate your employees for the time spent smoking?

Answer: Yes. A U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) Wage & Hour Administrator determined that the employer was required to compensate the employees for that time since such short breaks are “hours worked” under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The FLSA does not require an employer to provide its employees with rest periods. However, if the employer decides to permit short breaks, then the time is compensable hours worked.

Smoking breaks are like other “short breaks.”
The Administrator observed that employees have always taken short work breaks, with pay, for a myriad of non-work purposes—a visit to the bathroom, a drink of coffee, a call to check on children, attending to a medical necessity, a cigarette break, etc. Thus, the DOL has consistently held for over 46 years that such breaks are “hours worked” under the FLSA, without evaluating the relative merits of an employee’s activities. This position is based on the proposition that short breaks are common in industry, promote the efficiency of employees and are customarily treated as work time by employers.

What you should do:
Attempts to curtail costs by withholding employee compensation for smoking breaks should be carefully scrutinized before implementation. The FLSA is a comprehensive law and includes a myriad of regulations that require close examination. The employer in this instance thought wisely and, in advance, contacted a Wage & Hour Administrator for advice before taking any action. Thus, the possibility of litigation, and its accompanying cost, was avoided.

Cite: Wage & Hour Opinion Letter No 2007, 99-02 CCH WH 32,841.

Source: CCH Incorporated is a leading provider of information and software for human resources, legal, accounting, health-care and small-business professionals. CCH offers human resource management, payroll, employment, benefits, and worker-safety products and publications in print, CD, online and via the Internet. For more information and other updates on the latest HR news, check our Web site at

The information contained in this article is intended to provide useful information on the topic covered, but should not be construed as legal advice or a legal opinion.


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